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The new EU report brings more evidence on link between antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance
The use of antibiotics in both humans and animals has a direct link to antibiotic resistance, confirms the new EU report. The report by ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control), EMA (European Medicines Agency) and EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) brings up their concern about the impact of use of antibiotics on the increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria. It presents new data on antibiotic consumption and antibiotic resistance and reflects improved surveillance across Europe, covering data from 28 EU/ETA countries.
The report delivers a diverse picture across Europe as it highlights that there are still important differences between the countries in the use of antibiotics in animals and humans. Overall antibiotic use is higher in food-producing animals than in humans, but the situation varies across countries and according to the antibiotics. In particular, a class of antibiotics called polymyxins, which includes colistin, is used widely in the veterinary sector. It is also increasingly used in hospitals to treat multidrug-resistant infections. Other antibiotics are more often used in humans than in animals. These include third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins and quinolones, which are also considered critically important for human health.
The conclusion points out that reducing unnecessary use of antibiotics will have an impact on the occurrence of resistance.
The report is the result of close cooperation between the three EU agencies, each drawing on their specific expertise and data from monitoring of antibiotic resistance and antibiotic consumption in animals and humans.
Joint report: ECDC/EFSA/EMA second joint report on the integrated analysis of the consumption of antimicrobial agents and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals – Joint Interagency Antimicrobials Consumption and Resistance Analysis (JIACRA) Report
News by EFSA/EMA/ECDC on July 27, 2017: EU report: more evidence on link between antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance